Мобильный 1 Add news
March 2010
April 2010
May 2010June 2010July 2010
August 2010
September 2010October 2010
November 2010
December 2010
January 2011
February 2011March 2011April 2011May 2011June 2011July 2011August 2011September 2011October 2011November 2011December 2011January 2012February 2012March 2012April 2012May 2012June 2012July 2012August 2012September 2012October 2012November 2012December 2012January 2013February 2013March 2013April 2013May 2013June 2013July 2013August 2013September 2013October 2013November 2013December 2013January 2014February 2014March 2014April 2014May 2014June 2014July 2014August 2014September 2014October 2014November 2014December 2014January 2015February 2015March 2015April 2015May 2015June 2015July 2015August 2015September 2015October 2015November 2015December 2015January 2016February 2016March 2016April 2016May 2016June 2016July 2016August 2016September 2016October 2016November 2016December 2016January 2017February 2017March 2017April 2017May 2017June 2017July 2017August 2017September 2017October 2017November 2017December 2017January 2018February 2018March 2018April 2018May 2018June 2018July 2018August 2018September 2018October 2018November 2018December 2018January 2019February 2019March 2019April 2019May 2019June 2019July 2019August 2019September 2019October 2019November 2019December 2019January 2020February 2020March 2020April 2020May 2020June 2020July 2020August 2020September 2020October 2020November 2020December 2020January 2021February 2021March 2021April 2021May 2021June 2021July 2021
News Every Day |

Smoke, extreme heat pose harsh test for West Coast vineyards

Smoke, extreme heat pose harsh test for West Coast vineyards

TURNER, Ore. (AP) — The heat wave that recently hit the Pacific Northwest subjected the region’s vineyards to record-breaking temperatures nine months after the fields that produce world-class wine were blanketed by wildfire smoke.

But when temperatures began climbing close to 120 degrees Fahrenheit (49 Celsius) in late June, the grapes in Oregon and Washington state were still young, as small as BB's, many still shaded by leaf canopies that had not been trimmed back yet.

The good news for grape growers, wineries and wine lovers is the historic heat wave came during a narrow window when the fruit suffered little, if any, damage. Earlier or later in the growing season, it could have been disastrous.

The bad news is that extreme weather events and wildfires are apt to become more frequent because of climate change. A less intense heat wave again hit parts of the U.S. West just about a week after extreme temperatures gripped the Pacific Northwest and British Columbia on June 25 and lingered for several days, causing what could be hundreds of heat-related deaths.

This cool, rainy part of the country normally experiences plenty of sunny summer days but winemakers are worried about what's still ahead amid a historic drought tied to climate change: Extremely high temperatures could hit yet again, and wildfires are expected to be ferocious.

That includes Christine Clair, winery director of Willamette Valley Vineyards in the city of Turner, just outside Oregon's capital. She watched rare winds last September smother the Willamette Valley, famed for its delicate pinot noir, in smoke from nearby flames.

"Last year was our first experience in the Willamette Valley with wildfires and smoke impact from them. Though it was considered a once-in-a-100-year east wind event, we believe we are at risk annually now,” Clair said.

In recent years, wineries worldwide began hedging their bets against global warming and its fallout by moving to cooler zones, planting varieties that do better in heat and drought, and shading their grapes with more leaf canopy.

Similarly, in the wake of the Northwest heat wave, wineries plan to protect their crops from more blistering sunshine.

At Dusted Valley Vintners, in Walla Walla, Washington, less of the leaf canopy will be trimmed to keep the grapes shaded and prevent sunburn, co-owner Chad Johnson said.

Workers, who are restricted to morning work on very hot days, also will leave more grapes on the vine so the fruit ripens slower, Johnson said.

He has never seen conditions so early in the summer like those during the heat wave, with the thermometer climbing above 100 F (38 C) for several days in the eastern Washington town near the Oregon border.

“It is definitely unusual and unprecedented in my career since I’ve been making wine for 20 years here,” Johnson said.

June 29 was the hottest day in Walla Walla’s recorded history, reaching 116 F (47 C) and breaking the previous record by two degrees.

Climate change, Johnson noted, has become a major concern for him and other wine producers worldwide.

“If it's not this early horrible spring frost they’re having over in Europe this year, it's wildfires in the West, with the drought. It’s always something," Johnson said. "And it’s getting just more severe every year.”

The industry, meanwhile, has been totaling the damage from last year’s wildfires that covered California, Oregon and Washington state in thick smoke.

So many California growers worried about unpleasant “smoke taint” in the wine produced from their grapes that they tried to get the fruit tested to see if the crops were worth harvesting.

The few testing labs were so overwhelmed they couldn't meet demand. Some wineries opted not to risk turning some of their own grapes into bad wine and hurting their brand and stopped accepting untested grapes from growers.

“Without question the financial toll on California winegrape growers has proven to be unprecedented,” John Aguirre, president of the California Association of Winegrape Growers, said in an email.

Industry estimates show California growers had losses of $601 million from wine grapes that went unharvested, Aguirre said.

“The risk of wildfires appears to be greater today than in the past and that is very, very troubling for many growers,” Aguirre said, noting that they also must contend with heat, drought, frost, excessive rain, pests and disease.

Wineries can do little to prevent wildfires outside their property, but if they become inundated with smoke, they can try to minimize damage. For example, they may turn some of the grapes with heavier smoke exposure into rosé instead of red wine. That limits contact with the skin of the grape during wine production and can lower the concentration of smoke aroma compounds.

A report on California’s harvest by the San Francisco-based Wine Institute said that despite the challenges, many winemakers are excited about the 2020 vintage.

Corey Beck, CEO and head of winemaking at Francis Ford Coppola Winery in Sonoma County, California, said he is optimistic based on small-batch fermentation trials.

“It was like, ‘Oh my god, these wines are terrific,’” Beck told the Wine Institute.

Willamette Valley Vineyards also had fermented small samples of grapes to gauge whether smoke would affect the resulting wine. Its Whole Cluster Pinot Noir 2020 vintage received good ratings from Wine Enthusiast magazine.

But winemaking has become so difficult and competitive that when people ask Johnson for advice about getting into the industry, he tries to dissuade them.

“The first thing I do is tell them that’s probably not a good idea," he said. “It’s really, really hard, and it’s getting harder and harder.”

Read also

US Condemns 'Harassment' of Foreign Journalists in China

Tokyo 2020: US silver medallist swimmer Erica Sullivan reveals she trained in ‘gross’ duck poo and ‘green-brown’ pool

Vaccinated people may be JUST as contagious as Delta variant is spreading faster than common cold, leaked CDC doc warns

Слот 7

News, articles, comments, with a minute-by-minute update, now on Today24.pro

News Every Day

Sports Apparel Market by leading manufacturers with its application and types 2021 - 2028

Today24.pro — latest news 24/7. You can add your news instantly now — here


Accenture обновила приложение для адаптации удаленных сотрудников в офисе

Новости России
Game News

Leaks suggest AMD's new GPU has 3x the core count of an RX 6900 XT


Американист объяснил русской пословицей выпад Байдена в адрес Путина

Губернаторы России

«Пятерочка» увеличила количество контейнеров для сбора батареек в Москве и Московской области

Politiсо: аналитики НАТО начали «войну» из-за России

Почти 10 тыс. новых случаев COVID-19 зафиксировали в России за сутки

Наш «Спутник» завоевывает мир

Наш «Спутник» завоевывает мир!

Решетова заявила, что Тимати не выселяет их с сыном из квартиры

Пост о Юрии Карякине подготовили сотрудники музея Булата Окуджавы

Юбилей Рахманинова в Тамбове приедут отмечать гости из Японии

Мацуев: Чайковский точно не испортил церемонию награждения

Тарпищев: Павлюченкова демонстрирует свой лучший теннис за многие годы

Олимпиада-2020: Ивашко проиграл подопечному Мирного, а мог бы сыграть с Джоковичем

«Постаралась играть не так активно с первых мячей». Елена Рыбакина – о победе над 9-й ракеткой мира и выходе в полуфинал Олимпиады

О популяризации тенниса в России, преодолении себя и пути спортсмена-писателя – в интервью с чемпионом мира по пинг-понгу Максимом Шмырёвым

COVID-19: Кто стоит за созданием вируса -МИ-6, ЦРУ или фармацевтический фонд Билл Гейтса?

Исинбаева похвалила Медведева за правильную реакцию на провокацию журналиста

Местное самоуправление хотят сделать основой гражданского общества в РФ

IV этап Чемпионата России по ралли стартует в Пскове 30 июля

Известная фотомодель Инна Сигле разделась для «Playboy»

Торги Мосбиржи открылись ростом курса доллара

Космонавты перейдут в американский сегмент МКС на время починки «Науки»

Солдат и ученый. К 100-летию со дня рождения уроженца Дрибина Александра Израилевича Зевелева

Путин в России и мире

Персональные новости