Add news
Король и Шут - Девушка и граф (English/Japanese cover by Even Blurry Videos feat. ICHIGO TANUKI)
Moscow.media
March 2010
April 2010
May 2010June 2010July 2010
August 2010
September 2010October 2010
November 2010
December 2010
January 2011
February 2011March 2011April 2011May 2011June 2011July 2011August 2011September 2011October 2011November 2011December 2011January 2012February 2012March 2012April 2012May 2012June 2012July 2012August 2012September 2012October 2012November 2012December 2012January 2013February 2013March 2013April 2013May 2013June 2013July 2013August 2013September 2013October 2013November 2013December 2013January 2014February 2014March 2014April 2014May 2014June 2014July 2014August 2014September 2014October 2014November 2014December 2014January 2015February 2015March 2015April 2015May 2015June 2015July 2015August 2015September 2015October 2015November 2015December 2015January 2016February 2016March 2016April 2016May 2016June 2016July 2016August 2016September 2016October 2016November 2016December 2016January 2017February 2017March 2017April 2017May 2017June 2017July 2017August 2017September 2017October 2017November 2017December 2017January 2018February 2018March 2018April 2018May 2018June 2018July 2018August 2018September 2018October 2018November 2018December 2018January 2019February 2019March 2019April 2019May 2019June 2019July 2019August 2019September 2019October 2019November 2019December 2019January 2020February 2020March 2020April 2020May 2020June 2020July 2020August 2020September 2020October 2020November 2020December 2020January 2021February 2021March 2021April 2021
12345678910111213141516171819
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
News Every Day |

Could This Picture Stop North Korea From Starting a War?

Kyle Mizokami

South Korean Military,

The Republic of Korea Army is a large, powerful land force capable defending the border from North Korean invasion.

Here's What You Need to Remember: As a country that has faced for decades the prospect of invasion, the army maintains large numbers of second-line reservists. Seven reserve infantry divisions augment active army units, while twelve “local” defense/homeland defense divisions scattered across the country protect rear-area security against North Korean special forces, agents and infiltrators.

In the last seventy years, the Republic of Korea Army (ROK Army) has evolved from a constabulary force into one of the largest, most powerful, technologically advanced armies in the world. This remarkable evolution is entirely due to the original 1950–53 invasion and war by neighboring North Korea. This existential threat has never truly gone away, with North Korea consistently threatening—and preparing for—a second, successful invasion.

The Republic of Korea Army was established in 1945 by U.S. forces occupying the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. By 1946 the ROK Army had nine “national security regiments,” lightly armed infantry regiments with a total manpower of 25,000 troops. As U.S./Soviet relations worsened, this was increased to 50,000 troops.

The invasion of North Korea in June 1950 caught the fledgling ROK Army ill-prepared for a conventional invasion. In particular, the army lacked the anti-tank firepower necessary to deal with the Korean People’s Army’s 105th Armored Brigade, which fielded approximately 120 Soviet-made T-34/85 tanks and SU-76 self-propelled guns. Although a small armored force by World War II standards, the ROK had virtually nothing to counter it with and was rapidly pushed south towards the port town of Busan.

What a War Between NATO and Russia Would Look Like

The next three years saw intensive efforts by the United States to train and expand the ROK Army to modern standards, not the least of which so that the army could assume the bulk of the responsibility for the country’s defense. These efforts were successful, and within a few years of the Korean War’s end the U.S. Army on the peninsula had been scaled down to two, and later just one division.

Throughout the 1960s and 1970s the ROK Army remained on high alert, guarding against a second North Korean invasion, several armed provocations on the border, and even contributing a substantial ground force to America’s war in Vietnam. Up to 50,000 ROK soldiers served at a time in Vietnam, where they earned a reputation for being tough guerrilla fighters. Ultimately, 312,853 South Korean soldiers served in Vietnam, with at least 4,687 killed in action and 5,000 wounded.

South Korea has traditionally maintained a large army, in part because a large army is necessary to properly guard the 160 mile-long demilitarized zone, and in part because the Korean People’s Army is also manpower-intensive. This has led to the unusual situation in which the 560,000-strong ROK Army, which is only responsible for the defense of South Korea, is larger than the 475,000-strong U.S. Army, which has a global presence. This has prompted at least one U.S. general, who would assume control of the combined U.S-ROK armies in wartime, to quip “My army is bigger than my army.”

Today’s ROK Army consists of forty-one divisions and fifteen separate brigades organized into eleven corps. The army has 2,360 tanks, 2,400 armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles and 5,180 pieces of field artillery. Overall, the army is organized roughly along American lines, with three divisions and separate artillery, engineer, and signal brigades assigned to each of the eleven army corps. The corps are in turn organized into three army-level formations, plus the ROK Capital Defense Command, designed to turn the city of Seoul into a fortress.

What a War Between America and China Would Look Like

The ROK Army has long since achieved technological superiority over North Korea, fielding world-class equipment particularly armored vehicles. The K-2 Black Panther tank, K-21 infantry fighting vehicle, and the K-9 Thunder self-propelled howitzer form the core equipment set for an increasingly mechanized army. Despite this, the army is organized largely to conduct defensive operations—it has no standing armored divisions and just four armored brigades parceled out to corps for local counterattacks. The main formation of the ROK Army is the infantry division, and the army has six mechanized infantry and sixteen regular infantry divisions. Another two mechanized brigades round out the maneuver force with one, 16th Mechanized Brigade, forming part of the U.S. 2nd Infantry Division.

Like the U.S. Army, the ROK Army places an emphasis on special operations forces. The 707th “White Tiger” Special Mission Battalion allegedly has a mission somewhat similar to the U.S. Delta Force. There are four special forces brigades and six special assault regiments assigned to provide support to larger units such as army corps. Another three special forces brigades specialize in unconventional warfare, including land, sea, and air infiltration techniques. Lastly are two special anti-infiltration brigades designed to hunt down North Korean infiltrators.

As a country that has faced for decades the prospect of invasion, the army maintains large numbers of second-line reservists. Seven reserve infantry divisions augment active army units, while twelve “local” defense/homeland defense divisions scattered across the country protect rear-area security against North Korean special forces, agents and infiltrators.

What a War Between China and Japan Would Look Like

The Republic of Korea Army is a large, powerful land force capable defending the border from North Korean invasion. It’s no accident that the North Korean military has evolved asymmetric means such as long-range border artillery, light infantry, infiltration forces, and chemical and radiological units to counter the South’s increasing technological superiority. The ROK Army has deterred war for the last seventy years, a benchmark of success for any peacetime army.

Kyle Mizokami is a defense and national-security writer based in San Francisco who has appeared in the DiplomatForeign PolicyWar is Boring and the Daily Beast. In 2009, he cofounded the defense and security blog Japan Security Watch. You can follow him on Twitter: @KyleMizokami.

This first appeared in 2017.





Read also

Pope Calls on Russia, Ukraine to Seek Reconciliation

Mark and Donnie Wahlberg’s mother, Alma, dead at 78

MMO Game Thread: Mets vs. Rockies, 3:10 PM





News, articles, comments, with a minute-by-minute update, now on Today24.pro



Today24.pro — latest news 24/7. You can add your news instantly now — here
News Every Day

Andrade vs Williams: Live coverage