Add news
March 2010April 2010May 2010June 2010July 2010
August 2010
September 2010October 2010
November 2010
December 2010
January 2011
February 2011March 2011April 2011May 2011June 2011July 2011August 2011September 2011October 2011November 2011December 2011January 2012February 2012March 2012April 2012May 2012June 2012July 2012August 2012September 2012October 2012November 2012December 2012January 2013February 2013March 2013April 2013May 2013June 2013July 2013August 2013September 2013October 2013November 2013December 2013January 2014February 2014March 2014April 2014May 2014June 2014July 2014August 2014September 2014October 2014November 2014December 2014January 2015February 2015March 2015April 2015May 2015June 2015July 2015August 2015September 2015October 2015November 2015December 2015January 2016February 2016March 2016April 2016May 2016June 2016July 2016August 2016September 2016October 2016November 2016December 2016January 2017February 2017March 2017April 2017May 2017June 2017July 2017August 2017September 2017October 2017November 2017December 2017January 2018February 2018March 2018April 2018May 2018June 2018July 2018August 2018September 2018October 2018November 2018December 2018January 2019February 2019March 2019April 2019May 2019June 2019July 2019August 2019September 2019October 2019November 2019December 2019January 2020February 2020March 2020April 2020May 2020June 2020July 2020August 2020September 2020October 2020November 2020December 2020January 2021February 2021March 2021April 2021May 2021June 2021July 2021August 2021September 2021October 2021November 2021December 2021January 2022February 2022March 2022April 2022May 2022June 2022July 2022August 2022September 2022October 2022November 2022December 2022January 2023February 2023March 2023April 2023May 2023June 2023July 2023August 2023September 2023October 2023November 2023
News Every Day |

Economic cost of deporting Afghans

Economic cost of deporting Afghans

The widespread departure of illegal aliens, spurred by the caretaker government’s abrupt decision to crack down and deport individuals lacking valid documents in Pakistan, has the potential to leave lasting impressions not only on the country’s political landscape but also on its domestic economy.

Official circles and some economists downplay the potential adverse impact on Pakistan’s economy from the exodus of illegal immigrants. However, many business leaders in the smaller provinces, fearing a dangerous ethnic dimension, are concerned that the decision could further contract the already fragile economies of Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as a vital source of cheap labour begins to dwindle.

Shortly after assuming office in August 2023, the Caretaker Prime Minister Anwaarul Haq Kakar government urged illegal immigrants to voluntarily depart from Pakistan by the end of October, with the deportation drive set to commence in November. This decision, ostensibly driven by security concerns, is reportedly linked to broader counter-terrorism actions.

“The repercussions of this policy are expected to be concentrated in KP and Balochistan, housing three-fourths of the 1.7 million unregistered immigrant population. Predominantly Afghans (99 per cent), these individuals are recognised for their involvement in tending to fruit orchards, working in coal and marble mines, and facilitating cross-border goods trade in KP and Balochistan. In Punjab and Sindh, illegal aliens serve as a source of inexpensive manual labour in public works and construction industry,” noted an independent observer.

Since many of their efforts are invisible, such as picking trash and making tea, they hold little value for the authorities

The government’s decision faced opposition, with a group of politicians and rights activists filing a petition in the Supreme Court. International bodies, including the Amnesty International and United Nations Commissioner for the Rights of Refugees, also criticised, urging Pakistan to reconsider and reverse the decision.

While the country’s elite business circles largely remained silent, certain Pashtoon and Baloch business leaders voiced profound concerns, fearing the decision could worsen challenges for the already fragile provinces. They also expressed resentment at being excluded from decision-making forums on this matter.

Lacking pertinent data or a comprehensive study on the subject, drawing definitive conclusions is difficult. However, an informal survey based on brief interviews suggests a potential impact on the domestic market that may be more significant than officials are willing to acknowledge.

Caretaker Foreign Minister Jalil Abbas Jilani expressed confidence in the government’s handling of the issue of illegal immigrants in Pakistan. According to a 2023 report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, 99pc of the refugee population in Pakistan is Afghan, with approximately one-fourth, 700,000 out of 3.7m Afghans having crossed into Pakistan following the Taliban takeover of Kabul in 2022.

Foreign Minister Jilani asserted, “the progress in implementing the policy to extern illegal immigrants from the country is deemed satisfactory. Foreigners possessing valid documents need not worry. The policy specifically targets undocumented illegal aliens who evade our legal system. Their undocumented status denies them both the legal rights and responsibilities enjoyed by registered Afghans.

“In an effort to alleviate the challenges faced by this group, the government has outlined a designated timeframe, during which unregistered foreign nationals were facilitated in returning to their country of origin.

‘The undocumented illegal Afghans were making no contribution to economic activity and thus their departure will have no impact on the economy,’ Caretaker Foreign Minister Jalil Abbas Jilani

“Even after the expiration of this period, stringent directives have been issued to law enforcement agencies, emphasising the importance of showing compassion and ensuring the dignified repatriation of illegal aliens.”

Addressing a query over the phone regarding the potential economic impact of the said policy, the federal minister remarked, “The undocumented illegal Afghans were making no contribution to economic activity, and thus their departure will have no impact on the economy.”

Some experts deemed the government’s fundamental outlook flawed. “One wonders how long we will continue to view the world through security blinkers, impairing our vision. All the lofty rhetoric prioritising the economy amounts to nothing when key policy decisions are made without due consideration of the economic repercussions,” noted an analyst.

A top economist did not foresee a lasting economic impact but expressed dissatisfaction with the government’s handling of the illegal immigrant issue.

Dr Dur e Nayab, Joint Director, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE), echoed this sentiment. When approached she stated, “Economically, I don’t anticipate a significant impact on any sector of Pakistan’s economy, as locals with similar skill sets can fill the void. It’s the socio-political consequence that worries me.”

Badruddin Kakar, Senior Vice President, Quetta Chamber of Commerce and Industry, expressed disillusionment with the government’s immigration policy and its harsh implementation, which instilled fear in Afghans in Pakistan. Speaking over the phone from Quetta, he stated, “We know of instances where law enforcement agencies overstepped their mandate and harassed poor Afghans. In Balochistan, reports suggest early signs of a shortage of miners and skilled farm workers tending orchards. Policymakers in Islamabad seem to be cut off from the reality of the restive province.

“It would be wrong to consider all Afghans similar. Like any community, there are horizontal and vertical divisions among Afghans. The burden of the current policy will be borne disproportionately by poor Afghans. The rich ones can buy their way around any policy.”

Ajmal Kakar, a PIDE researcher with expertise on the subject, argued that Afghans’ contribution remains invisible as they operate in the informal economy, beyond the government’s radar. He emphasised, “Just because the contribution is hard to quantify, it would be unfair to assume that it doesn’t exist. Even roles such as rag pickers, private guards, small-scale chai wallas and roti makers serve a purpose and cannot be summarily dismissed as worthless.”

High-level sources in the economic hierarchy confirmed their exclusion from the decision-making process when the government decided on immigrants.

Published in Dawn, The Business and Finance Weekly, November 13th, 2023

Ирина Серегина

Первенство по плаванию среди детей

How to Increase Your Metabolism After 40 (science-based)

Infinity according to Jorge Luis Borges - Ilan Stavans

Medivh's Story (2020) The Last Guardian - All Cinematics & Cutscenes [Warcraft 3: Reforged Lore]

10 Influencer Meltdowns Caught on Camera

Read also

Cat adoption ad goes viral for its refreshing honesty: 'She will own you, your house, your belongings'

Dolphins’ Tua stitched up the gash on his arm, talks cornrows, gift from Rick Ross and — yes — turnovers

Mets and free-agent pitcher Luis Severino finalizing $13 million, 1-year deal, AP source says

News, articles, comments, with a minute-by-minute update, now on

News Every Day

Medivh's Story (2020) The Last Guardian - All Cinematics & Cutscenes [Warcraft 3: Reforged Lore] — latest news 24/7. You can add your news instantly now — here

News Every Day

How to Increase Your Metabolism After 40 (science-based)

Sports today

Новости тенниса

Reuters: WTA не накажет теннисисток за участие в турнире в Санкт-Петербурге

Спорт в России и мире

"Спартак" в меньшинстве уступил "Оренбургу" в 1/4 финала Кубка России

All sports news today

Sports in Russia today


Долгожданная победа: ФК «Оренбург» обыграл на своем поле ФК «Спартак» (Москва) – 1:0

Новости России

Game News

Новые подробности Dragon's Dogma 2: дата релиза, боссы, квесты и сюжет


«СМИротворец» наградил своих лауреатов

Губернаторы России

На предприятиях филиала «Западно-Сибирский» ООО «ЛокоТех-Сервис» изготовили 18 единиц нестандартного оборудования

Московский зоопарк рассказал о лечении орангутана Джелая

Три самые неоднозначных заявления Киссинджера о России

Тёплые вязаные капоры женские на Wildberries (вайлдберриз) — от 698 руб. купить сегодня

Суд Москвы заочно арестовал пресс-секретаря корпорации Meta* Энди Стоуна

«Оркестр подошел к точке, за которой начинается новый этап его биографии» // Алексей Шалашов о Молодежном симфоническом оркестре

Бывшего возлюбленного Анастасии Волочковой нашли мёртвым в СИЗО

Диана Арбенина выступила в Иркутске после нескольких отмененных концертов

Продвижение Музыки. Раскрутка Музыки. Продвижение Песни. Раскрутка Песни.

Львиная воля: обыграет ли команда Хачанова коллектив Кудерметовой

Отстраненную за допинг теннисистку Халеп не приглашали на турнир в Петербурге

Российский теннисист Медведев установил рекорд 2023 года по количеству побед

Кубок Дэвиса. Финал. Италия – Австралия. Арнальди сыграет с Попыриным, Синнер встретится с де Минауром

Шапки женские на Wildberries (вайлдберриз) — зимние новинки 2024 (модель 351)

Первенство по плаванию среди детей

Шапки женские вязаные на Wildberries, зима 2024 — новый цвет от 392 руб. (модель 466)

ООО «Транснефть - Балтика» провело серию учебно-полезных уроков для школьников

Задержки в Пулково 27 ноября: снегопад в Петербурге вызвал проблемы в аэропорту

Обещание Костомарова, помолвка Губановой и истории Косторной: что обсуждают в мире фигурного катания

В России прошел концерт Арбениной после нескольких отмен ее шоу

Арт Директор для Актера. Арт Директор для Профессионального актера. Арт Директор для начинающего Актёра.

Россия и КНДР работают над увеличением двустороннего турпотока

Метель, гололедица и снежные заносы пройдут в Москве 30 ноября

Козлов: РФ и КНДР работают над увеличением двустороннего турпотока

Быть, делать, иметь. Психолог назвала принцип счастливой жизни

Путин в России и мире

Персональные новости
Алла Пугачёва

Портрет молодой Аллы Пугачевой вывесили в фойе Московского театра эстрады

News Every Day

Snowy Cabin in Norway, Wind and Fireplace Sounds for Sleep and Study

Friends of Today24

Музыкальные новости

Персональные новости