Мобильный 1 Add news
March 2010
April 2010
May 2010June 2010July 2010
August 2010
September 2010October 2010
November 2010
December 2010
January 2011
February 2011March 2011April 2011May 2011June 2011July 2011August 2011September 2011October 2011November 2011December 2011January 2012February 2012March 2012April 2012May 2012June 2012July 2012August 2012September 2012October 2012November 2012December 2012January 2013February 2013March 2013April 2013May 2013June 2013July 2013August 2013September 2013October 2013November 2013December 2013January 2014February 2014March 2014April 2014May 2014June 2014July 2014August 2014September 2014October 2014November 2014December 2014January 2015February 2015March 2015April 2015May 2015June 2015July 2015August 2015September 2015October 2015November 2015December 2015January 2016February 2016March 2016April 2016May 2016June 2016July 2016August 2016September 2016October 2016November 2016December 2016January 2017February 2017March 2017April 2017May 2017June 2017July 2017August 2017September 2017October 2017November 2017December 2017January 2018February 2018March 2018April 2018May 2018June 2018July 2018August 2018September 2018October 2018November 2018December 2018January 2019February 2019March 2019April 2019May 2019June 2019July 2019August 2019September 2019October 2019November 2019December 2019January 2020February 2020March 2020April 2020May 2020June 2020July 2020August 2020September 2020October 2020November 2020December 2020January 2021February 2021March 2021April 2021May 2021June 2021July 2021August 2021September 2021October 2021November 2021December 2021
News Every Day |

You’re Looking At One Of Oldest Pieces Of Cloth In World

Story 508998755

You might not have ever envisioned Stone Age cities. But as many as 10000 people lived in Çatalhöyük in Turkey some 8000-9000 years ago. This makes it the largest known settlement from the period that experts in the field call the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods.

“Çatalhöyük is one of the most famous archaeological sites,” says Lise Bender Jørgensen.

She is an archaeologist and professor emerita from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology’s (NTNU) Department of Historical and Classical Studies, and has helped to confirm what people in the ancient city wove their clothes from.

Bender Jørgensen is a specialist in archaeological textiles, so it comes as no surprise that she has been involved in this work.

Under discussion for almost 60 years

Experts in the field have been discussing what kind of clothes people wore in Çatalhöyük since 1962, when they found the first pieces of cloth here.

Some specialists believed that people made their clothes from wool. Others thought they made them out of linen instead. So who’s right? After almost 60 years, we now know the answer.

“Neither,” according to Bender Jørgensen and her colleagues.

Now they have presented their findings in Antiquity, the leading archaeological journal.

Çatalhöyük is a superstar

You may not have heard of Çatalhöyük, but the city is considered a superstar in archaeological circles.

“When Çatalhöyük was excavated from the late 1950s onwards, it was considered one of the oldest cities ever. Even though new discoveries show that this is no longer true, the place still has a high celebrity factor,” says Jørgensen.

Archaeologist James Mellaart led the earliest excavations. Turkish authorities later expelled him from the country, as he was allegedly involved in the black market sale of archaeological artefacts.

Çatalhöyük the city is genuine, however. People already lived here over 9000 years ago, and 18 layers of settlements have been found. People called the city home until about 7950 years ago.

Unearthed textiles from the Stone Age

One of the world’s leading archaeologists, Professor Ian Hodder at Stanford University, undertook new excavations between 1993 and 2017. They yielded large amounts of new data and have provided us with a whole new understanding of the site.

The finds made by Hodder and colleagues unearthed several pieces of cloth that later turned out to be between 8500 and 8700 years old.

“When Hodder’s excavations began to reveal textiles, they invited me to examine them with my Swiss colleague Antoinette Rast-Eicher,” Bender Jørgensen says.

Rast-Eicher, who is affiliated with the University of Bern, specializes in identifying fabric fibres. She has experience with some of the oldest European textiles found in Alpine lakes. The two researchers have collaborated on several projects in recent years, including under the auspices of NTNU.

In August 2017, they travelled together to Çatalhöyük and examined the textiles that the archaeologists in Hodder’s group had found. They also collaborated with postdoctoral fellow and archaeobotanist Sabine Karg from the Free University of Berlin. This group of specialists found clear answers.

A neglected old material

“In the past, researchers largely neglected the possibility that the fabric fibres could be anything else than wool or linen, but lately another material has received more attention,” Bender Jørgensen says.

People in Çatalhöyük used assorted varieties of exactly this material.

“Bast fibres were used for thousands of years to make rope, thread, and in turn also yarn and cloth,” says Bender Jørgensen.

A fibre sample from a basket turned out to be made of grass, but several of the textiles are clearly made of bast fibre from oak trees. They are also the oldest preserved woven fabrics in the world.

Bast fibre is found between the bark and the wood in trees such as willow, oak or linden. The people from Catalhöyük used oak bark, and thus fashioned their clothes from the bark of trees that they found in the surrounding environment. They also used oak timber as a building material for their homes, and people undoubtedly harvested the bast fibres when trees were felled.

Didn’t grow flax

The conclusion of the experts also aligns with another striking point: No large quantities of flaxseed have been found in the region. People in Çatalhöyük do not seem to have cultivated flax.

Bender Jørgensen notes that a lot of people often overlook bast fibre as an early material. “Linen tends to dominate the discussion about the types of fabric fibres people used,” she says.

As it turns out, people in this area did not import linen from elsewhere, as many researchers have previously thought, but used the resources they had plentiful access to.

Read also

Brazil central bank makes 150 bps interest rate hike, signals another

Chelsea 0 Juventus 0: Hayes issues player safety call after Kerr is cautioned for pitch invader push

The Best White Dress Shirts for Men To Wear in 2021

News, articles, comments, with a minute-by-minute update, now on Today24.pro

News Every Day

Aircraft Seat Actuation System Market to Rear Excessive Growth By 2028

Today24.pro — latest news 24/7. You can add your news instantly now — here

News Every Day

Editorial Envy: How advertising and photography brought two BYU students together

Sports today

Новости тенниса
Андрей Рублёв

Рублёв признался, что не всегда выкладывался на полную силу в матчах Кубка Дэвиса

Спорт в России и мире

Валерий Карпин признался, что ему будет не хватать покойного тренера Игоря Гамулы


All sports news today


Sports in Russia today

Валерий Карпин признался, что ему будет не хватать покойного тренера Игоря Гамулы

Новости России

Game News

How to slide in Fortnite


РУДН запускает Магистерскую программу «Создание и разработка лекарственных препаратов»

Губернаторы России
Владимир Путин

Путин удивился высокой цене поездки на космодром Восточный

Кому на Руси жить хорошо – Лилии Чанышевой!

Иммунолог Крючков спрогнозировал новую волну COVID-19 в России к концу января

Генпрокурор Краснов: термин «криптовалюта» необходимо закрепить законодательно

Мировые продажи электрокаров и гибридных машин выросли в октябре на 70%

Игорь Крутой, Светлана Сурганова, Олег Газманов, Анжелика Варум и Дима Билан исполнили мечты финалистов «Доброй волны»

Третья жена Градского наняла адвоката для борьбы с наследниками за имущество артиста

Мурзагулов обратился к Моргенштерну: Поддержи «Уфу». Народ ждет тебя в футболе

Лента скоростей // В Москве дважды сыграли Четвертую симфонию Шостаковича

Волгоградские теннисистки Вихлянцева и Захарова играют на кортах Франции

Даниил Медведев: За сборную я рад даже больше, чем за себя

Донской объяснил, почему теннис в России на подъеме в 2021 году

Россия выиграла третий Кубок Дэвиса и первую с 2004 года женскую лыжную эстафету, «быки» вернулись в Топ-3

Устроившего гонки в Лефортовском тоннеле бойца ММА могут депортировать из РФ

Хоккеисты "Торпедо" нанесли поражение ЦСКА

Навка спрогнозировала победу команды Тутберидзе на олимпийском турнире в Пекине

«Россети ФСК ЕЭС» обновила изоляцию на энергообъектах Республики Коми и Архангельской области

Глобальным ответом на санкции Запада станет повышение суверенитета – Путин

Пикантные видео: в Сеть попали данные из операционной гинекологии

Московский дворец пионеров приглашает на обучение радио- и тележурналистике

Хроника коронавируса на 8 декабря. +3 заболевших

Путин в России и мире

Персональные новости

Александр Градский

«Нельзя было пускать на шоу»: Градский жаловался на здоровье в последние месяцы

News Every Day

Silent Night and the best Christmas Songs for KIDS from LooLoo Kids

Friends of Today24

Музыкальные новости
"Воскресенье " Олег Митяев

Персональные новости
Близкий друг Путина миллиардер Пугачев. Вся правда о Путине, его семье и деньгах. В гостях у Гордона (2021)

Навальный об уволенном за пост священнике (2021)

Slava Marlow – суперуспех и депрессия в 21 год / вДудь (2021)

Обнаглевшие дети путинской элиты (2021)

Дайте собакам мяса (новый звук) -Владимир Высоцкий

Группа "Рождество" - песня "Так хочется жить!" (Видео с концерта в Киеве группы "РОЖДЕСТВО" в 2011 году в Доме офицеров)

Adriano Celentano Любимая песня Челентано (высочайшая энергетика) talentTV