Мобильный 1 Add news
March 2010
April 2010
May 2010June 2010July 2010
August 2010
September 2010October 2010
November 2010
December 2010
January 2011
February 2011March 2011April 2011May 2011June 2011July 2011August 2011September 2011October 2011November 2011December 2011January 2012February 2012March 2012April 2012May 2012June 2012July 2012August 2012September 2012October 2012November 2012December 2012January 2013February 2013March 2013April 2013May 2013June 2013July 2013August 2013September 2013October 2013November 2013December 2013January 2014February 2014March 2014April 2014May 2014June 2014July 2014August 2014September 2014October 2014November 2014December 2014January 2015February 2015March 2015April 2015May 2015June 2015July 2015August 2015September 2015October 2015November 2015December 2015January 2016February 2016March 2016April 2016May 2016June 2016July 2016August 2016September 2016October 2016November 2016December 2016January 2017February 2017March 2017April 2017May 2017June 2017July 2017August 2017September 2017October 2017November 2017December 2017January 2018February 2018March 2018April 2018May 2018June 2018July 2018August 2018September 2018October 2018November 2018December 2018January 2019February 2019March 2019April 2019May 2019June 2019July 2019August 2019September 2019October 2019November 2019December 2019January 2020February 2020March 2020April 2020May 2020June 2020July 2020August 2020September 2020October 2020November 2020December 2020January 2021February 2021March 2021April 2021May 2021June 2021July 2021August 2021September 2021
News Every Day |

These Are the 5 Worst Russian Guns Ever Made



Charlie Gao

Firearms, Russia

They don't come with love.

Here's What You Need to Remember: The problems with these guns are legion, whether they be impossible to fire in certain conditions, or are too heavy, or are simply just unreliable.

Russia is famous for producing the AK rifle, an amazing design known for its reliability under adverse conditions. However, Russia has also fielded some rifles with questionable or just plain bad designs and characteristics. Here are some of the worst Russian and Soviet rifle designs to have seen the light of day.

Avtomat Shpagina Obr. 1944

While Shpagin is best known for his submachine gun, the PPSh-41, he also entered the 1944 trials to build an automatic weapon for the new intermediate M43 cartridge. While other designs—including Kalashnikov’s successful AK predecessors—used locked breech systems that were driven by gas pistons, Shpagin’s gun was a simple adaptation of a straight blowback design to the new cartridge. In order to successfully slow the movement of the bolt to allow for firing, the bolt was extremely heavy. In a 5.5kg gun, the bolt weighed 1.2 kg. When the gun was fired, the vibrations were described as extreme. Due to the poor performance of Shpagin’s rifle, no further attempts were made to make blowback guns in intermediate calibers.

Recommended: North Korea’s Most Lethal Weapon Isn’t Nukes.

Recommended: 5 Worst Guns Ever Made.

Recommended: The World’s Most Secretive Nuclear Weapons Program.

Avtomat Simonov AS-106-11-56 and AS-107-11-56

While Simonov is best known for his SKS carbine, he also adapted his design to compete with Kalashnikov’s rifle in trials around 1955. His submission in the AS-10(X)-11-56 designs were an adaptation of his short-stroke gas piston driven tilting bolt design. They were meant to improve upon the Kalashnikov by placing the return spring around the gas piston, allowing the receiver to be more compact. The fire control group was also placed in a single removable unit (similar to the H&K fire control packs, and later the AN-94 fire control group) to make maintenance easier. In retrospect, this was already an anachronistic decision, since the DP machine gun tried placing the return spring near the barrel in trials—only to be moved back behind the bolt on the DPM (DP Modernized) machine gun, due to reliability issues. As expected, Simonov’s weapon was removed from tests due to poor reliability of the operating mechanism.

Baryshev’s AB-7.62, AB-5.45, and AVB

A. F. Baryshev is an oddity in Soviet firearms design. Having no connection to the large design bureaus, he built and prototyped a series of rifles over two decades in standard military calibers. Similar to the Avtomat Shpagina, Baryshev’s weapons operated on a blowback cycle. Baryshev also experimented with locking mechanisms to retard the blowback cycle so that the bolt could be lighter. This method could be considered similar to lever-delayed or roller-delayed mechanisms as used by the French and German militaries. The advantage Baryshev’s design was that the weapon could be more compact around the barrel, and possibly lighter, due to the lack of a gas piston and gas tube. Baryshev also designed his rifles to fire from an open bolt. As a result, his rifles had lower first shot accuracy than the rifles in service and had a higher probability for foreign material to enter the chamber. Due to these drawbacks, the Soviet military rejected Baryshev’s rifles.

AVT-40

While the SVT-40 as one of the best semi-automatic rifles of its era, the AVT-40 was one of the worst. In an attempt to supplant the DP-28 light machine gun and provide Soviet infantryman with increased firepower, an automatic firing mode was added to the SVT-40, creating the AVT-40. The addition of this mode created a myriad of problems. The AVT-40’s longer fifteen-round magazines hindered shooting while prone, so they were ditched in favor of the standard ten-round SVT-40 magazine. The reduction in magazine size severely limited the length of time automatic suppressive fire could be used. Continuous fire wrecked the barrels of the AVT-40, as they were lightweight and only meant for semi-automatic fire. The rifle was prone to jamming in sandy or dusty conditions. There were even reports that the stock would crack under the increased stress of fully automatic fire. As a result, most AVTs were only used in semi-automatic mode, negating their original purpose.

OTs-14 “Groza”

The Groza was meant to supplant or replace the Kalashnikov (specifically the AKS-74 or the AKS-74U variants) as a close-quarters combat weapon. It was also intended to be modular, being able to accept a variety of attachments such as a suppressor, grenade launcher and various sighting devices. It shared over 70 percent of its parts with the Kalashnikov—making it easy to manufacture with existing machinery. Therefore, the Groza sounds like an ideal gun for close quarters combat. Real world experience from operators highlighted the problems in the gun’s design. The Kalashnikov action, that has always been described as a little violent, was now located next to the operator’s face, blowing excessive amounts of gas toward the shooter. The short sight radius hindered accuracy and the gun was too rear-heavy when a grenade launcher or suppressor wasn’t mounted. The safety and magazine release are in the same position relative to the magazine of a traditional AK, meaning that they are very far back on the Groza—instead of moved forwards like on more modern bullpups such as the Tavor X95. This makes changing magazines and turning the safety on and off a difficult affair on the Groza.

The worst problem of the Groza is that it’s almost impossible to fire from the other shoulder in a close quarters situation, due to the bullpup design and violent nature of the action. Shooting from the opposite shoulder is common technique when shooting around a corner in close quarters combat. The Groza is also difficult to clean, with tons of small nooks and crannies that are hard to reach. There were were numerous logistical problems with the Groza. The rifle was issued in a case with the accessories, but only two magazines, and some units report difficulties acquiring more. This scarcity applied only to Grozas chambered in 9x39mm, as the others use standard AK magazines. The inability to use standard 6L25 magazines, as used in the VSS and AS VAL, could be counted as a strike against the Groza design.

Information about Baryshev, Shpagin, and Simonov’s rifles was taken from S. B. Monetchikov’s “История русского автомата” (History of the Russian Avtomats)

Charlie Gao studied political and computer science at Grinnell College and is a frequent commentator on defense and national-security issues. This first appeared in 2019.

Image: Wikipedia.

Read also

Susanna Reid slams ‘crackers’ government over fuel crisis and asks ‘where are they?’ as ministers refuse to appear on TV

Georgetown petition nears 15,000 signatures, supporting change after pet resort fire

Jewish Leader Urges Renewed Fight Against Extremism as German Exit Polls Show Tight Race for Merkel Successor

Слот 7

News, articles, comments, with a minute-by-minute update, now on Today24.pro

News Every Day

Chocolate Semifreddo Jamie Oliver

Today24.pro — latest news 24/7. You can add your news instantly now — here


Происшествия

«Железная развалка» губернатора Владимирова




Новости России
Game News

Детектив начинается: релизный трейлер Lost Judgment


Russian.city


Валуев поделился эмоциями после победы Усика над Джошуа


Губернаторы России
Ёлка

Красноярцы приняли участие в продолжении новогодней комедии «Ёлки»


Профессиональные советы для продвинутых начинающих Youtube

Очное участие Путина в саммите G20 будет зависеть от ситуации с коронавирусом

Более двух тысяч заявок уже подано на конкурс правительства Москвы для ИТ-разработчиков — Сергунина

«Земляничная поляна», «Петр I» и «Пугачев»: 10 театральных премьер октября


55 лет Жанне Агузаровой: тайная жизнь загадочной певицы

На съёмках Comedy Club Павел Воля попросил Ольгу Бузову отменить её сольный концерт

"Долетался": Тур Моргенштерна по России сорван - родители победили

Певица NATALIYA вновь радует своих слушателей новой осенней танцевальной композицией


Воров, которые украли олимпийские медали у чемпионки Весниной, будут искать по ДНК

Воры вернули Весниной олимпийскую золотую медаль и оставили подарок с запиской

Павлюченкова вошла в топ-10 чемпионской гонки WTA

Прямая трансляция финалов турнира ATP Astana Open в одиночном и парном разрядах




«КП»: телеведущая Лариса Гузеева попала в больницу

Путин назвал примером для молодежи отмечающую юбилей школу «Самбо-70»

Самолет Лукашенко прилетел из Минска в Сочи

В России задержали бывшего сотрудника «Нафтана»


Целевые студенты ООО «Газпром трансгаз Ухта» вошли в топ-лучших по итогам слёта в Уфе

Более 170 аварий произошло на дорогах Москвы за прошлую неделю

Собянин рассказал о создании комфортной городской среды в Зеленограде

В Архангельске появились новые объекты паблик-арта



Путин в России и мире







Персональные новости
Moscow.media