Мобильный 1 Add news
March 2010
April 2010
May 2010June 2010July 2010
August 2010
September 2010October 2010
November 2010
December 2010
January 2011
February 2011March 2011April 2011May 2011June 2011July 2011August 2011September 2011October 2011November 2011December 2011January 2012February 2012March 2012April 2012May 2012June 2012July 2012August 2012September 2012October 2012November 2012December 2012January 2013February 2013March 2013April 2013May 2013June 2013July 2013August 2013September 2013October 2013November 2013December 2013January 2014February 2014March 2014April 2014May 2014June 2014July 2014August 2014September 2014October 2014November 2014December 2014January 2015February 2015March 2015April 2015May 2015June 2015July 2015August 2015September 2015October 2015November 2015December 2015January 2016February 2016March 2016April 2016May 2016June 2016July 2016August 2016September 2016October 2016November 2016December 2016January 2017February 2017March 2017April 2017May 2017June 2017July 2017August 2017September 2017October 2017November 2017December 2017January 2018February 2018March 2018April 2018May 2018June 2018July 2018August 2018September 2018October 2018November 2018December 2018January 2019February 2019March 2019April 2019May 2019June 2019July 2019August 2019September 2019October 2019November 2019December 2019January 2020February 2020March 2020April 2020May 2020June 2020July 2020August 2020September 2020October 2020November 2020December 2020January 2021February 2021March 2021April 2021May 2021June 2021July 2021
News Every Day |

Virgin Galactic just flew billionaire founder Richard Branson and 3 crewmates to the edge of space


beth moses other virgin galactic crew in astronaut jumpsuits embrace richard branson
Virgin Galactic's chief astronaut instructor Beth Moses embraces Richard Branson and other crew as he arrives to board the company's passenger rocket plane VSS Unity at Spaceport America near Truth or Consequences, New Mexico, July 11, 2021.

Virgin Galactic has launched, flown, and landed its first full crew, positioning the company to start commercial tourist flights to the edge of space in 2022.

Billionaire Richard Branson, who founded Virgin Galactic in 2004, was aboard the company's SpaceShipTwo space plane on Sunday morning. He served as a "mission specialist," testing the passenger experience for future customers. Three other Virgin Galactic employees did the same: Beth Moses, the company's chief astronaut instructor; Colin Bennett, its lead operations engineer; and Sirisha Bandla, the vice president of government affairs and research.

Six people in blue bodysuits - the crew of the VSS Unity - stand in front of a floor-to-ceiling window.
The VSS Unity's first full crew. Left to right: Dave Mackay, Colin Bennett, Beth Moses, Richard Branson, Sirisha Bandla, and Michael Masucci.

The four of them were the first full crew that Virgin Galactic has ever rocketed to the edge of space. Two pilots, Dave Mackay and Mike Masucci, flew the vehicle. The late physicist Stephen Hawking gave the space plane its name, "VSS Unity."

The plane was secured to the bottom of a mothership, a double-fuselage aircraft called "VMS Eve," after Branson's mother. The carrier lifted off from a runway at Virgin Galactic's facilities in Spaceport America, New Mexico, at 10:40 a.m. ET. Then it climbed to 50,000 feet - roughly 10 miles above sea level.

vms eve mothership double-body plane carries vss unity rocket plane in flight
The VMS Eve carries VSS Unity (in the plane's center) into the skies.

There, the mothership dropped the VSS Unity. Immediately, Mackay and Masucci fired the space plane's rocket engines, tilted it upwards, and roared towards space, climbing another 45 miles or so. The force of gravity as the plane screamed upwards pressed Branson and his crewmates into their seats.

VSS Unity space plane launches toward space
VSS Unity fires its engines to soar to the edge of space, July 11, 2021.

With the curvature of the Earth below them and the blackness of space above, the pilots shut off the plane's engines and everybody onboard felt weightless. They had just about 5 minutes to enjoy the sensation and peer out the spacecraft's 17 windows before gravity began to pull them back to Earth.

The space plane's hull protected the crew as it plowed through Earth's atmosphere, superheating the material around it and echoing a supersonic boom through the New Mexico skies. Around 10 miles up, the VSS Unity engaged its wings and began its glide to a runway touchdown.

The whole flight lasted just one hour.

virgin galactic space plane spaceshiptwo aboard vms eve mothership flying through the sky contrails streaming behind
A screengrab from Virgin Galactic's livestream shows the space plane, aboard its mothership VMS Eve, carrying Richard Branson and crew into the skies above New Mexico, July 11, 2021.

"Remember the name Virgin Galactic, because today space is Virgin territory," Veronica McGowan, a Virgin Galactic engineer, said on the company's livestream. "Congratulations again Richard."

Virgin Galactic wants to start taking paying customers on this flight next year, for $250,000 per seat. Already, more than 700 people have signed up for the ride, including Tom Hanks, Justin Bieber, and Lady Gaga, Today reported.

Branson beat rival Jeff Bezos to the edge of space

jeff bezos inside new shepard crew capsule
Jeff Bezos inside a New Shepard Crew Capsule mockup at the 33rd Space Symposium in Colorado Springs, Colorado, April 5, 2017.

Branson has now beaten fellow billionaire rocket-company founder Jeff Bezos to the edge of space. Bezos announced last month that he would launch aboard Blue Origin's New Shepard rocket on July 20. Then just two weeks ago, Branson announced that he would be launching nine days prior to Bezos.

Branson has insisted that he wasn't racing the founder of Blue Origin and Amazon.

"I completely understand why the press would write that," he told The Washington Post. "It's just an incredible, wonderful coincidence that we're going up in the same month."

But Virgin Galactic did speed up its schedule. The company originally planned to fly its first full crew without Branson. He was scheduled to go on the flight after this one.

The 'edge of space' is up for debate

A view of Earth's surface and curvature from space aboard Virgin Galactic's vehicle.
The view from space on Virgin Galactic's first spaceflight, December 13, 2018.

Not everybody agrees that Branson and his crewmates actually went to space.

"We wish him a great and safe flight, but they're not flying above the Kármán line and it's a very different experience," Blue Origin CEO Bob Smith told The New York Times after Branson's announcement.

The Kármán line is a hypothetical boundary between Earth and space, about 62 miles above sea level. That's where New Shepard is set to carry Bezos on July 20.

However, after flying VSS Unity more than 50 miles high in 2019, Moses, Mackay, and Masucci received astronaut-wing badges from the Federal Aviation Administration - a recognition that they had, in the agency's eyes, been to space. NASA, too, has awarded astronaut wings to pilots who've flown past 50 miles.

Experts don't agree on where space begins. The outermost layer of Earth's atmosphere extends about 600 miles from sea level - more than twice as high as the International Space Station.

Virgin Galactic's road to spaceflight was treacherous

Virgin Galactic struggled to reach this point. A 2007 engine test for SpaceShipTwo resulted in an explosion that killed three workers. Then the first version of the space plane, called VSS Enterprise, broke apart mid-flight above the Mojave desert in October 2014, killing co-pilot Michael Asbury and injuring pilot Peter Siebold.

Virgin Galactic's SpaceShipTwo
Investigators from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) look at wreckage from the crash of Virgin Galactic's SpaceShipTwo near Cantil, California, November 2, 2014.

Branson originally planned to ride SpaceShipTwo in 2014 or 2015 but had to delay those plans after the disaster.

Since Virgin Galactic began testing VSS Unity in 2016, its flights have been successful. Before Sunday, pilots had flown the VSS Unity to the edge of space and back three times since December 2018. Just one of those flights carried a passenger - Moses.

Ultimately, Virgin Galactic aims to fly six passengers at a time, but the company is planning two more test flights before it begins launching customers.

Read the original article on Business Insider

Read also

Gunmaker Remington offers Sandy Hook victims' families $33 million in lawsuit settlement

Who is Laura Nuttall and how does she know Peter Kay?

Insiders have cleared up the confusion around Prince Harry's memoir

Слот 7

News, articles, comments, with a minute-by-minute update, now on Today24.pro

News Every Day

Hop Little Bunnies Hop Hop Hop Toddlers Songs LooLoo Kids Nursery Rhymes

Today24.pro — latest news 24/7. You can add your news instantly now — here


Интернет

Цифровые портфолио станут доступны учащимся Ленинградской области




Новости России
Game News

Киноман. Мультфильмы 1.0


Russian.city


Каковы темпы вакцинации в разных регионах России


Губернаторы России
Динамо

Чемпионат России по футболу стартовал с победы московского «Динамо»


Politiсо: аналитики НАТО начали «войну» из-за России

Впервые за полвека российскую ракету «Союз» окрасят в новые цвета

Спрос на торты в Калининграде вырос на 94%

Всероссийский турнир по боксу на Кубок командующего ВДВ прошёл в Пскове


Виктория Боня рассказала о взаимоотношениях Бузовой с алкоголем

Раскрыто имя соведущего Ольги Бузовой в шоу «Звезды в Африке»

Ковид не дремлет, Уфа растёт, трамвай не едет, Моргенштерн поёт. Итоги дня в Башкирии

Певица Зара: У меня растут дети, о которых я мечтала


Алеся Кафельникова рассекретила имя ребенка и рассказала о родах

Казахстанка Анна Данилина выиграла турнир WTA в Гдыне в парном разряде

Андрей Кузнецов: «Я верю, что смогу выиграть турнир ATP. Без этого чувства не было бы смысла возвращаться, снова играть в теннис после травмы»

Михайлова уступила австрийке в настольном теннисе и покинула турнир




Чемпионат России по футболу стартовал с победы московского «Динамо»

Михаил Мишустин ознакомился с ходом строительства аэровокзального комплекса в Южно-Сахалинске

Booking.com поделилась списком самых популярных городов, которые россияне выбрали для путешествий в июле

Разрабатан инновационный бинт для хронических ран


Попова заявила о снижении темпов распространения COVID-19 в России

Фестиваль "Сады и люди" пройдет в необычном формате

Госдеп анонсировал встречу делегаций России и США в сентябре

«Прайм Парк» участвует в «Черной пятнице рынка недвижимости»



Путин в России и мире







Персональные новости
Moscow.media